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Dilation and Curettage (D&C) Procedure at Columbus OB/GYN

At Columbus OB/GYN, we understand the importance of maintaining optimal uterine health. The dilation and curettage (D&C) procedure is a common gynecological procedure performed to diagnose and treat various conditions affecting the uterus.

What Is Dilation and Curettage (D&C)?

Dilation and curettage, commonly known as D&C, is a surgical procedure performed to remove tissue from the lining of the uterus. It involves dilating or widening the cervix and using a curette, a special surgical instrument, to scrape or suction the uterine lining. D&C may be performed for diagnostic purposes, therapeutic intervention, or to assist with other gynecological procedures.

Purposes of D&C



D&C may be recommended to investigate the cause of abnormal uterine bleeding, such as heavy or prolonged menstrual periods, postmenopausal bleeding, or irregular bleeding. The tissue obtained during the procedure can be examined under a microscope to diagnose various uterine conditions or to rule out potential abnormalities, such as polyps, fibroids, or uterine cancer.


D&C can be a therapeutic procedure used to remove abnormal tissue from the uterus. It can be utilized to treat certain conditions, including incomplete miscarriage or abortion, retained placental tissue after childbirth, or to remove polyps or fibroids that are causing symptoms.

Assisting Other Procedures

D&C may be performed as part of other gynecological procedures, such as hysteroscopy, where a scope is inserted into the uterus to visualize and treat abnormalities. D&C can assist in removing tissue or improving visualization during these procedures.

What to Expect During a D&C Procedure

Here is a general overview of what to expect during a D&C procedure at Columbus OB/GYN:


Pre-procedure Preparation

Prior to the procedure, you will have a thorough discussion with your healthcare provider. This will include reviewing your medical history and any symptoms you are experiencing and discussing the risks and benefits of the procedure. You may be advised to refrain from eating or drinking for a specific period before the procedure.



D&C is typically performed under general anesthesia, which means you will be asleep and pain-free during the procedure. Your healthcare provider will discuss the appropriate anesthesia options and determine the best choice for your situation.


During the procedure, your cervix will be dilated or opened using specialized instruments. Once the cervix is dilated, the curette will be inserted into the uterus to remove the tissue carefully. Sometimes, suction may be used alongside or instead of the curette. The duration of the procedure can vary depending on the specific circumstances.



After the procedure, you will be monitored in a recovery area until the effects of the anesthesia wear off. You may experience mild cramping and some bleeding or spotting, which is normal. Your healthcare provider will provide instructions on post-procedure care, including pain management, activity restrictions, and any necessary follow-up appointments.

Benefits of D&C

Dilation and curettage can provide several benefits, including:

Diagnostic Clarity

D&C allows for the accurate diagnosis of uterine conditions by obtaining tissue samples for further analysis.

Therapeutic Intervention

D&C can effectively treat certain uterine conditions, such as incomplete miscarriages or retained placental tissue after childbirth, by removing the abnormal tissue.

Symptom Relief

For conditions such as polyps or fibroids causing heavy or irregular bleeding, D&C can alleviate symptoms and improve overall well-being.

Enhanced Treatment

D&C can assist in improving the effectiveness of other gynecological procedures by aiding in tissue removal or visualization.


Contact Columbus OB/GYN to Learn More

If you have been experiencing abnormal uterine bleeding or have been recommended for a D&C procedure, our team of skilled healthcare professionals at Columbus OB/GYN is here to provide expert care and support. We prioritize your well-being and will guide you through the process with compassion and personalized attention. Contact us today to schedule a consultation or to learn more about the D&C procedure.